Bangladesh emerged as an independent and sovereign country in 1971 following a nine month war of liberation. It is one of the largest deltas of the world with a total area of 147,570 sq. km. With a unique communal harmony, Bangladesh has a population of about 152.51 million, making it one of the densely populated countries of the world. The majority (over 88%) of the people are Muslim. Over 98% of the people speak in Bangla. English, however, is widely spoken. The country is covered with a network of rivers and canals forming a maze of interconnecting channels. Being an active partner, Bangladesh plays vital role in the international and regional forum, particularly in the UN, Commonwealth and South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC).
|Official Name:||The People's Republic of Bangladesh|
|Political system:||Parliamentary democracy|
|Time zone:||GMT + 6 hours|
|Major Cities||Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Sylhet, Barisal, Rangpur|
|Principal rivers:||Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Brahmaputra, Teesta, Surma and Karnaphuli.(total 310 rivers including tributaries).|
|Principal industries:||Ready made garments, pharmaceuticals, cements, garment accessories, chemicals, fertilizers, newsprint, leather and leather goods, paper, sugar, jute, ship building.|
|Principal exports:||Readymade garments, frozen foods (shrimps), leather, leather products, jute, jute products, tea, ceramic, textile fabrics, home textile, chemical product, light engineering products including bi-cycle.|
source: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics
|Location:||Between 200 34' and 260 38' north latitude and between 880 01'
and 920 41' east longitude.
South: Bay of Bengal
East: India and Myanmar
|Area:||56,977 sq. miles or 147,570 sq. km.|
|Territorial water:||12 nautical miles Territorial Sea, 200 nautical miles Economic Zone.|
|Main seasons:||Summer (March-May), rainy season (June-September) and winter (December-February)|
|Principal seasonal crops and fruits:||Paddy, jute, wheat, tobacco, pulses, oil seeds, spices, vegetables, jack-fruit, banana, mango, coconut, pineapple etc.|
|Natural resources:||Natural gas, coal, lime, white clay, granite, glass sand.|
|Total population (m*)||152.51|
|Annual growth rate||1.37%|
|Sex ratio (males per 100 females)||100.3|
|Density (per sq km)||1015|
source:Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics
source:Projections as per previous report, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics
|GDP total:||$112.00 bn (at current prices 2011-12)|
|GDP per capita:||$1192 (at current prices 2014-15)|
|GDP growth rate (%):||6.12 (at constant prices 2013-14)|
|Total exports:||$30.18 bn (2013-14)|
|Total imports:||$36.99 bn (2013-14)|
|FDI Inflows:||$1181 bn (Jan-Sep 2014)|
|International reserves:||$21590.00 bn (Nov, 2014)|
|Currency:||BDT (1 BDT=$0.0121) (avg 2011-12)|
|Per capita generation (Kwh)||168.08||176.87||184.26||200.32||252|
|Per capita consumption (Kwh)||149.97||158.20||165.32||170.27|
% of total electricity production during 2010
|Year||Installed capacity (MW)<1||Generation capability (MW)<2||Demand forecast (MW)<3||Demand served (MW)<4|
1. Installed capacity as of June of the year.
2. Generation capability is the Maximum available generation capacity after maintanance outage in the year.
3. Demand forecast is the Base Forecast of PSMP-2005.
4. The dates of maximum demand served and maximum available generation capacity may not be the same.
|Seaports:||Seaports||Chittagong and Mongla.|
|Inland river ports||Dhaka, Chandpur, Barisal, Khulna, Baghabari, Sharishabari, Narayanganj, Bhairab Bazar, Ashuganj.|
|Airports||International airports||Dhaka, Chittagong and Sylhet.|
|Domestic airports||Chittagong, Jessore, Sylhet, Cox's Bazar, Syedpur, Rajshahi and Barisal.|
|Landports:||Benapole, Teknaf, Banglabandha, Sonamasjid, Hilli, Darshana, Birol, Burimari, Tamabil, Haluaghat, Akhaura, Bibirbazar and Bhomra.|
|Radio stations:||Dhaka, Chittagong, Rajshahi, Khulna, Rangpur, Sylhet, Rangamati, Comilla and Thakurgaon.
broadcasting programmes (in addition to Bengali): in English, Hindi, Urdu, Arabic and Nepali.
|Television stations:||Dhaka, Chittagong.|
|Relay stations:||Chittagong, Sylhet, Khulna, Natore, Mymensingh, Rangpur, Noakhali, Satkhira, Cox's Bazar, Rangamati and Thakurgaon.|
|Television channels:||Terrestrial: BTV
Satellite: BTV World, Channel-I, NTV, ATN Bangla, Bangla Vision, Boishakhi TV, Islamic TV, Desh TV, ETV, My TV, Diganta TV, RTV.
|Daily Newspaper:||Daily Prothom Alo, Daily Ittefaq, Daily Kaler Kontha, Daily Janokantho, Daily Jugantor, Daily Bhorer Kagoj, Daily Star, Daily Independent, Daily Financial Express, Daily News Today etc.|